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博士生入学考试英语辅导资料

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育龙博士网    http://boshi.china-b.com/    发布时间:2015年01日19日

    四大解题要决: 语义连接法;逻辑关系对应分析法;同义复现法;褒贬一致法

   (一) 语义连接法 1. 表示时间关系:meantime, meanwhile, when, after then…,时间状语例:Last summer I took a job as a waitress. My motives at the time were purely ulterior: I had been attracted by local fables of the generous tips left by tourists … My routine was the regular one:take orders,carry food, …. During that first week, I could only stumble home after a day’s work and fall in bed. Even when I had become accustomed to the routine, I never had any trouble …. By the end of the summer, I had firmly resolved … 2. 表示空间关系:up, down, inside, over, beyond…用于描写自然环境,地形地貌,房屋布置,物体构造的语篇。例: It was the green heart of the canyon,… Here all things rested. Even the narrow … On one side, beginning at the…was a tiny meadow….Beyond the pool a gentle slope of earth ran up and up…. Below, the canyon was shut in.There was no view…. Up the canyon rose far hills and peaks…. And far beyond,like clouds upon the border of the sky,… 3. 表示例举和顺序:first(ly), second(ly), third(ly)…; one, two, three…(学术论文和科技文章);for one thing…(and) for another (thing); for a start (非正式);to begin with, to start with; in the first place, in the second place; next, then; finally, eventually, last, lastly; to conclude… 4.表示意义增进和引申: again, also, furthermore, moreover, then, in addition, above all, what is more… 例: You should not trust advertisements. Look at the products themselves…. Talk to your friends…Read about product research… And then you will …. Above all, don’t buy a product because an advertisement says that a famous football player or a movie star likes it. 5. 表示转折和对比:but, however, nevertheless, still, though, yet, in any case, at any rate, in spite of that, after all, instead, then, on the contrary, by way of contrast, conversely, by way of comparison, on the other hand… 6. 表示等同和替换:equally, likewise, similarly, in the same way; namely, in other words, that is, that is to say; better, rather, alternatively, on the other hand;(or) again, (even) better, worse (still)… 例:He may be late. Worse still, he may not come at all. Would you like to have a meeting about the matter this afternoon? Alternatively, we could discuss it at dinner. 7. 表示过渡和总结:incidentally, now, by the way; altogether, overall, all in all, in all, in brief, in conclusion, in short, to conclude, to sum up… 例:Norway welcomes children, and here, as usually elsewhere, there is 70% reduction for those up to three…You are half-price, incidentally, until you are 15 on Norwegian trains and most buses and steamers. 8. 表示结果和推论:as a result, accordingly, consequently, as a (in) consequence, for this /that reason, on that account, in that case, so, hence, therefore, then, thus; accordingly; else, otherwise… 例:The factory was burned down last night; on that account many workmen were thrown out of employment. To meet the needs of the new situation, agriculture had to undergo a drastic change – that was indisputable; else (=if not, otherwise) the country would have starved. 真题示例(2001)When we think about addiction to drugs or alcohol, we frequently focus on negative aspects, ignoring the pleasures that accompany drinking or drug-taking. 46 the essence of any serious addiction is a pursuit of pleasure, a search for a “high” … 46. A. Hence B. Because C. And yet D. moreover (2002/3) …Women have moved into the world of work and have become adept at meeting expectations in that arena, 48 maintaining their family roles of nurturing and creating …. 48. A. by B. while C. hence D. thus (2000) … Explosive population growth 49 a torrent of migration from the countryside are creating cities that dwarf the great capitals of the past. 49. A. of B. like C. and D. or (1996) If the trajectory is in fact pursued, industrial growth will 53 have to come to an immediate halt,… 53. A. rather B. hardly C. then D. hence (1998) … The puritans, 48 they were called, had much to be thankful 49 . 48. A. since B. like C. for D. as

    (二)逻辑关系对应分析法 1. 并列关系同义词解法 2. 对立关系反义词解法 3. 总—分式解法 4. 分—总式解法 真题示例 (2001) A heroin addict, for instance, leads a 59 life, his incr